[1] Gopalan, A.; Reuben, S.C.; Ahmed, S.; Darvesh, A.S.; Hohmann, J.; Bishayee, A. (2012) The health benefits of blackcurrants. Food & Function 3;795-809.

[2] Declume, C. (1989) Anti-inflammatory evaluation of a hydroalcoholic extract of black currant leaves (Ribes nigrum). Journal Ethnopharmacology 27;91-98.

[3] Watson, J.; Byars, M.L.; McGill, P.; Kelman, A.W. (1993) Cytokine and prostaglandin production by monocytes of volunteers and rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with dietary supplements of blackcurrant seed oil. Rheumatology 32;1055-1058.

[4] Cameron, M.; Gagnier, J.J.; Chrubasik, S. (2011) Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews 1;CD002948.

[5] Garbacki, N.; Angenot, L.; Bassleer, C.; Damas, J.; Tits, M. (2002) Effects of prodelphinidins isolated from Ribes nigrum on chondrocyte metabolism and COX activity. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg’s Archives of Pharmacology 365;434-441.

[6] Haqqi, T.M.; Anthony, D.D.; Gupta, S.; Ahmad, N.; Lee, M.S.; Kumar, G.K.; Mukhtar, H. (1999)Prevention of collagen-induced arthritis in mice by a polyphenolic fraction from green tea.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 96;4524-4529.

[7] Blaszo, G.; Gabor, M.; Rohdewald, P. (1997) Antiinflammatory activities of procyanidin-containing extracts from Pinus pinaster Ait. after oral and cutaneous application. Pharmazie52;380-382.

[8] Garbacki, N.; Tits, M.; Angenot, L.; Damas, J. (2004) Inhibitory effects of proanthocyanidins fromRibes nigrum leaves on carrageenan acute inflammatory reactions induced in rats. BMC Pharmacology 4;25.

[9] Garbacki, N.; Kinet, M.; Nusgens, B.; Desmecht, D.; Damas, J. (2005) Proantocyanidins, from Ribes nigrum leaves, reduce endothelial adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Journal of Inflammation 2;9.